The law clearly states that anyone with “significant difficulty” covering their mouth and nose, whether physical or psychological (mental), is exempt from wearing a mask.
Text from the law:
צו בריאות העם (נגיף הקורונה החדש) (בידוד בית והוראות שונות) (הוראת שעה), תש”ף-2020
Source: https://www.nevo.co.il/law_html/law01/502_230.htm#Seif10 (section 3ה)
The Ministry of Health’s own site: https://www.gov.il/he/departments/general/pwd_exemption_mask_corona
No Certificate Required:
The law does not require any certificate, document, or other proof of one’s inability to wear a mask. All that is required is for the individual to say that he is exempt. The Minister of Health, Nitzan Horowitz was asked to explain this point in the Knesset on 28/7/21.
“Indeed, the law has defined an exception that a person due to mental, intellectual or medical disabilities significantly has difficulty wearing a mask, or is prevented from doing so due to his disability that is supposed to cover the mouth and nose, he will be exempt from the mask obligation. The thing is, the law does not define how this exception is made in practice, simply giving an exemption.
Therefore, the wording of the regulation – I can tell you this clearly – does not impose an obligation to present a certificate for the purpose of the exemption and therefore the same person can also verbally claim his right to explain the situation. We will refine this situation among law enforcement agencies so that they know. If you want, you can also ask for a note from a doctor or a letter, if you want, but it is not mandatory.”
The video of the Minister’s statement:
The Court Upholds:
This policy was upheld in court when a customer was refused service for not covering her nose. The customer explained that she was exempt for medical reasons, and the store still refused to serve her. She sued the store, and was awarded compensation, the judgment acknowledged the law and awarded the customer compensation.
“as stated, there is no legal obligation to present a medical certificate, and it was sufficient for the plaintiff to state that she suffers from a medical disability that makes it significantly difficult for her to wear a mask.”
The policy of not requiring proof of a “significant difficulty” to not wear a mask is not limited to stores but includes all enclosed areas including transportation. Egged’s policy explicitly states that:
“ In addition to the general duty to wear a mask, it is possible to exempt persons who have difficulties in wearing a mask. If a passenger says that he cannot wear a mask because of his disability, it is uncomfortable for him, etc., do not ask questions and it is absolutely prohibited from demanding that he present a certificate or any other proof of the disability, and shall be allowed to receive service without a mask.”
How masks can cause “significant difficulty”:
Reduced oxygen intake
“SpO2 decreases after the first hour.”
“N95 masks are estimated to reduce oxygen intake by anywhere from 5 percent to 20 percent. That’s significant, even for a healthy person”
“Ventilation, cardiopulmonary exercise capacity and comfort are reduced by surgical masks”
“81% of masked healthcare workers developed headaches”
Mask-Induced Exhaustion Syndrome (MIES)
Increased risk of infection:
“result in increased risk of infection”
“The incidence of adverse skin reactions to the N95 mask was 95.1%”
Scientific evidence that shows masks don’t prevent viral transmission:
“Evidence from 14 randomized controlled trials of these measures did not support a substantial effect on transmission”
First RCT concludes: “mask-wearing ‘not statistically significant”
47 studies that don’t support mass masking
“none of the studies established a conclusive relationship between the use of masks/respirators and protection from influenza infection.”